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Book I

Unit 1


Time Allotment
Section One             Duty Report, Language Structures & Dialogues (100 minutes)
Section Two            Duty Report, Readings (100 minutes)
Section Three          Duty Report, Exercises (100 minutes)
Main Tasks:
I. Grammar
The passive sentence
1. in the simple present
2. in the present perfect
3. in the simple past
4. in the future
II.  Communicative skills
1. Identifying and asking somebody to identify an object
2. Inquiring whether something has been done and who did it
3. Inquiring what somebody was asked to do on a certain occasion
4. Asking for information about something which has been postponed
5. Making comparisons between past, present and future
III. Useful words and expressions
IV. Note-writing: note of invitation

Detailed Teaching Points and Suggested Teaching Procedures:
Section One   Language Structures and Dialogues
I. Grammar review

Passive voice:
The passive voice of English transitive verbs is formed by the auxiliary be +-ed participle. Since the auxiliary be can take different forms of tense and aspect, we have six passive constructions: the simple present, the simple past, the present progressive, the past progressive, the present perfect, and the past perfect.
A sentence whose predicate verb is passive is called a passive sentence. The passive sentence is used when we are not so much interested in the doer of an action as in the receiver of the action. Very often in a passive sentence, the doer of an action is vague or unimportant or unknown, so it is often not explicitly stated. When the doer of an action is stated in a passive sentence, it is placed in a by-phrase. Whether or not a by-phrase is used in a passive sentence is determined by a number of factors. Generally speaking, a by-phrase is indispensable when the speaker/writer wants to stress the agent or doer of the action, and not necessary when the agent or doer of the action in unimportant or unknown.
In-class activity One
Ask the students to fill in the gaps in each dialogue while listening to the recording and then do the substitution exercises.
Some difficult words or phrases:
1. duet – a piece of music for two performers; solo – a piece of music for one performer
2. cross talk – rapid exchange of clever remarks, esp. between two actors 斗嘴,相声
3. two weeks from today – the fifteenth day counting from today
4. tomorrow week – the eighth day counting from tomorrow
5. a week on Sunday – the eighth day counting from Sunday.
6. to call off – to cause (a planned event) not to take place: The lecture has to be called off because the professor is sick.
II. Dialogues
Have the students listen to the recording of the dialogue once or twice and ask them questions on specific details.
Go through the dialogue and explain some language points:
1. challenging – needing the full use of one abilities and effort; difficult but in an interesting way, e.g. I like to do challenging jobs.
2. annual – every year or once a year; of or for one year: annual event/festival/convention;
What’s your annual income?
3. to renew – to replace (something old) with something new of the same kind: I must renew my library card. renewable – that must be renewed: The card is renewable after 12 months. 
4. meal plan – a prepaid arrangement for school meals
5. free from – without; safe from; untroubled or unspoilt by: After the operation, the  lady is free from pain.
6. hustle and bustle – hurried activity
7. distract – to take (a person or their attention) off something, esp. for a short time:  The students are distracted by the noise outside. distraction – something or  someone that distracts, esp. an amusement: There are too many distractions here to work properly.
8. divert – to turn away from something; distract: The outbreak of fighting in the  North has diverted public attention away from other national problems. diversion – something that turns someone’s attention away from something else that one  does not wish to be noticed: I think your last argument was a diversion to make us forget the main point. 
9.   It is another plus. – It’s another advantage.
10. orientation program – a program that introduces new students to university life
11. access – means or right of using, reaching, or obtaining: Students have very easy   access to computers. accessible – adj. easy to reach, enter or obtain
12. They are open to students. – All the students have the right to use them. open – that anyone can enter:   Lectures on public hygiene are open to all. = All the people are allowed to go to the lectures.
13. make the most of – to get the best advantage from: We’ve only got one day in London, so let’s make the most of it and try to see everything.
14. the air has been cleaned considerably – The air has been cleaned greatly. Considerably – much, a great deal:  It’s considerably colder today than it was  yesterday.
15. incredible – to strange to be believed; unbelievable or very hard to believe: a very  incredible idea/excuse/That’s the most incredible coincidence I’ve ever heard of!
In-class Activity Two
1. Ask the students to read Dialogue I aloud in pairs with feeling and expression.
2. Ask the students to listen to Dialogue II and then retell it.
Homework:
1. Work in pairs to practice the situation in each dialogue.
2. Work in pairs to do the role-play: When and how to go to ….
3. Have the students form their own dialogues by using the phrases from Dialogues I & II or situations suggested in SB.
4. Do the corresponding exercises in WB.
Section Two   Readings
I. Text-related information:

Intelligent, informed people read newspapers!  So do English learners.
In fact, it is important for foreign language learners to become newspaper readers as well. The benefits are:
Greater fluency in reading.
Exposure to new vocabulary.
Exposure to how other people write: their style, tone, use of literary techniques.
Exposure to ideas, debates and issues.
All these work together to improve your command of English.
Agencies at work
You wonder where the news comes from? Here are some of the major sources.
News agencies usually work in the background. As the major news providers, news agencies provide reports, photos or graphics to newspapers, television stations, websites and magazines worldwide. Though their names are often hidden, they are everywhere.
Reuters: Founded in 1861 in the UK, Reuters bills itself as the world’s largest international multimedia news agency. Reuters supplies news – text, graphics, video and pictures – to media organizations and websites around the world. It operates in 200 cities in 94 countries and has staff at 197 news bureaus.
AP: Founded in 1848 in the US, the Associated Press is another of the biggest and claims that it is a source of news, photos, graphics, audio and video for more than 1 billion people a day. In the US, AP serves 5, 000 radio and television stations and 1, 700 newspapers. In addition, there are 8, 500 newspaper, radio and television subscribers in 121 countries overseas. It has 3, 700 employees working in 242 bureaus. AP has received 47 Pulitzer Prizes and has 28 photo Pulitzers.
AFP: Agency France-Press is a worldwide multimedia news agency, founded in 1835 in France. It has more  than 2, 000 employees, 900 working outside France. It says it produces 400, 000-600, 000 words of text, 700 photos and 50 news graphics every day. AFP is present in 165 countries, with 110 bureaus.
DPA: Deutsche Presse-Afentur is Germany’s leading news agency. It has a network of correspondents around the gloe, providing news stories, photos, graphics and radio reports. That includes offices and staff in 100 countries.
Xinhua: Xinhua News Agency is China’s largest news and information gatherer. It puts out 400, 000 characters of various types of news every day to newspapers, radio stations and TB stations at the country. Overseas, it releases 400, 000 words daily in Chinese, English, French, Spanish, Russian, Arabian and Portuguese.
Top UK national newspapers:
Popular (or red-top tabloid)
Ranking      Publication                       Publisher name/City
   1         The Sun                                  News International Newspapers Ltd.
   2         Daily Mirror                           Trinity Mirror plc
   3         Daily Star                           Express Newspapers Limited
   4         Daily Record           Scottish Daily Record and Sunday Mail Limited        
Mid-market (between tabloid and broadsheets)
   1         The Daily Mail             The Daily Mail (Associated Newspapers Ltd)
   2         Daily Express             Express Newspapers Limited
Quality newspapers (or broadsheets)
   1         The Daily Telegraph   Telegraph Group Limited
   2         The Times                     News International Newspapers Ltd.
   3         The Guardian                Guardian Newspapers Ltd.
   4         The Independent           Independent Newspapers (UK)
   5         Financial Times             Financial Times Ltd.
Top 10 US newspapers
Ranking     Publication                                Publisher name/City
   1          USA today                                Gannett Company Inc., Washington, DC
   2           The Wall Street Journal          Dow Jones & Co. Inc., New York
   3           New York Times                          New York Times Company, New York
   4           Los Angeles Times                  New York Times Company, New York
   5           The Washington Post                 Washington Post Company, Washington, DC
   6           Chicago Tribune                         Tribune Publishing Company, Chicago
   7           New York Daily News            New York Daily News, New York
   8           Denver Post/Rocky                 The E.W. Scripps Company /Media News
                 Mountain News                           Group, Inc. Denver
   9           The Dallas Morning News      Belo Corporation Dallas
  10           Philadelphia Inquirer              Knight Ridder, Inc. Philadelphia
                                                                        --from 21th Century, June 5, 2003
In-class Activity One
Have the students read the passage first and do the corresponding exercise in WB. Then the teacher may ask them questions in class to check their comprehension.
II. Useful words and expressions:
1. civilized – having a highly developed social organization
2. cynic – someone who thinks that people tend to act only in their own interest, and who always has a low opinion (sometimes unfairly) of people’s reasons for doing things
3. deliver – send
4. quality papers – newspapers catering for people with more intellectual interests than the average people
5. popular papers – newspapers catering for the average readers
6. …papers in Britain are perhaps less extreme… -- papers in Britain are perhaps neither very conservative nor very radical…
7. …they are less obviously committed politically and less dramatic and sensational in content. – … they do not intend to show very clear political stand and beliefs and the content in them are usual, not very exciting. committed – devoted: showing great fondness or loyalty; caring a great deal
8. subscribe to – pay regularly in order to receive a magazine, newspaper, etc.
9. newsstand – a table or stall, e.g. on a street or in a station, from which newspapers and sometimes magazines and books are sold
10.editorial – leading article, an article in a newspaper giving the paper’s opinion on a matter, rather than reporting information
11.comic strip – a set of drawings telling a short story, often with words showing the speech of the characters in the pictures
Section Three     Exercises
Check the exercises and explain the difficult points in them.