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Book II

Unit 4


I. Description of LSP

LSP I
Talkingabout some important dates in history

LSP II
Identifyingthings

LSP III

Expressingappreciation

LSP IV

Seeking andgiving clarification

 

Preparatory Questions

Directions: Answer the following questionsaccording to the following directions

 

1. to elicitrelative clauses introduced by when, e.g.,

1) What issignificant about the year 1949?

(It was theyear when the People’s Republic of China was founded.)

2) What issignificant about the year 1919?

(It was theyear when the May the Fourth Movement took place.)

3) What sortof days are gone forever for the Chinese people?

(Gone foreverare the days when the Chinese people were oppressed and

exploited.)

4) What isthe most memorable day in your life?

(It is theday when______________________.)

 

2. to elicitrelative clauses introduced by where, e.g.,

1) What is adining-car?

(It is arailway coach where meals are served.)

2) What is areference-room / library / cinema / theatre / university / language lab / (any otherplace which can be identified by a relative clause)?

LSP I

Cues:

1. Columbusdiscovered America on 12 October 1492.

2. The FirstWorld War broke out in 1914.

3. The Second World War ended in 1945.

 

A. Listening to the recording(本部分请录音)

A: I’ve comeacross some dates in my reading and each of them refers to some important event.(SupposeI give you a few dates and you’ll try to guess what dates they are.)

B: Okay.

A: (Thefirst date is 12 October 1492.)

B: Oh, that was the day when Columbus firstlanded in America

 

NOTES

B.Language note

The word date meansthe statement of the time (day, month, year; one, two, or all three of these)when something happened or is to happen.

C. Substitution practice

D. Variations based onthe given cues

1. The world-famous Long March of theChinese Red Army began in 1934 and was brought to a close in 1935.

2. The Declaration of Independence ofthe U.S.A. was adopted by Congress on July 4, 1776.

3. The French Revolution began in 1789.

4. The October Socialist Revolution inRussia took place on November 7, 1917.

 

LSP II (本部分请录音)

Cues: 

B. Listening to the recording(本部分请录音)

A: (Doyou know what a kitchenette is?)

B: Yes. Akitchenette is a small room where people cook their meals.

A: (CanI say that it is a room where meals are prepared?)

B: Ofcourse. That means the same thing.

 

NOTES

 

B.Substitution practice

C.Variations based on the given cues


LSP III (本部分请录音)

Cues:

1. Susan,speak in an amusing way, amuse the audience

2. Bill,work conscientiously, deserve praise

3. George,carry out orders promptly, earn him a good name

 

A. Listeningto the recording(本部分请录音)

A: How didSusan strike you?

B: (Oh,she made a good impression on me.) I like the way shespoke.

A: She spokein an amusing way, didn’t she?

B: (点击显示Yes.The way she spoke amused the audience.)

 

NOTES

B.Substitution practice

C. Morecues for practice

1. Joan,behave properly, conform to the current social custom

2. Dick,laugh pleasantly, please everyone

3. Betty,smile charmingly, give pleasure to all of us

 

LSP IV (本部分请录音)

Cues:

1. havetests and quizzes all the time, know how we are getting on with our work

2. haveextracurricular activities in English, improve our general English level

3. havereading comprehension class, learn reading skills, which help us learn to readfaster and better

II. Dialogue Study 

Script

NOTES:

6. start off by — If you start off by doingsomething, you do it as the first part of an activity.

Here is one example:

I want to start offby apologizing for not having submit the reportearlier.

7. be of use — be useful. Hereare more examples for the pattern:

be of difficult, which means “be difficulty”

be of great importance, which means “be very important”

8. over and over — repeatedly,other expressions with the same meaning include: again and again, over and overagain, time and again, time and time again. Here is one example:

The new word turned up over and over in the article,which made understanding difficult for me.

9. approach — begin to dealwith, more examples: approach a task, approach a new project

10. down time — a period oftime that a system fails to provide or perform its primary function 停机(停歇、故障、中断运转)时间

11. re-prioritize — In thisword, “prioritize” means “to assign a priority to”(优先处理), and the prefix “re-” isused with the meaning “again” or “again and again” to indicate repetition,

for example, retype, regenerate.

12. … the important ones will makeit through to our waking minds — … when we wake up, we will be able toremember those dreams which are really important to us.

 

A.      Questions on specific details

1) Who are thetwo speakers?

Sample: A is a radio show host who wants to interpret his recurring dream.B is an expert in the interpretation of dreams.

2) What topicare they talking about?

Sample: The interpretation of dreams.

3) What doesthe dream of driving in or falling in water indicate?

Sample: It’sprobably about a work scenario or career or lifestyle.

4) What is therelationship between work and dream?

Sample: If A lets work stress him out, the dream will recur more often.

5) Why dopeople seldom remember their dreams?

Sample: Because only the important ones will make it through to our waking minds.

 

Expressions in Focus

1. “look forward to” – anticipate (usuallywith pleasure)  e.g.

1) I am looking forwardto seeing you in the coming winter vacation.

2) We are lookingforward to your visit next week.

3) Athletes from different countries lookforward to the challenges ahead in the next Olympic Games.

2. “speak of” – indicate sth., suggeststh.  e.g.

1) Her behaviour speaksof suffering bravely borne.

2) Everything at theparty spoke of careful planning.

3) Her eyes speak ofsuffering.

3. “by the way” – introducing a differenttopic   e.g.

1) Oh, by the way,there is a telephone message for you.

2) What did you say yourname was, by the way?

3) By the way, what time is it by your watch?

 

Retelling

Sample Outline for Retelling:

A interviews B, an expert on dreams, in aradio show. They strike up a conversation focusing on dreams.

1. A welcomes and asks B to introduce thetopic.

2.B explains to A the dream of driving in or falling in water.

3. B continues to explain the relationshipbetween the dream of driving in or falling in water and work stress.

4. B tells A the reason why only very strangedreams can be remembered. 


III. Role play

Let’s Talk About Dreams

Situation:

Nancy and Yvonne are college students and live in the same dormitory.Recently Nancy is reading TheInterpretation of Dreams, a book written bypsychoanalyst Sigmund Freud. She introduces the book to Yvonne and finds outthat Yvonne is a lucid dreamer.

 

Roles:

Nancy — a college student who has an everlasting interest in Sigmund Freudand his theories on dreams

Yvonne — Nancy’s roommate and a lucid dreamer

 

Some sentences andsentence frames you might use:

First, let’s start by answering a basic question — Whatis a dream?

According to Freud, dreams are …

Dreams, in Freud’s view, are …

Considering … , the fact that … may seem baffling.

In his famous book The Interpretation of Dreams, Freud states that …

Some researchers suggest that …

The theory contributes to …

While this theory suggests …, Freud does not believe that…

Often described as the most famous figure in psychology,Freud is also …


Sample rolecards:

Role card 1 — You are Nancy. You have been interested in knowing all about the psychology of dreams since you were a junior middle school student. Recently you are reading Sigmund Freud’s The Interpretation of Dreams, which introduces Freud’s theory of the unconscious with respect to dream interpretation and also discusses what would later become the theory of the Oedipus complex. After introducing the book to Yvonne, you find out that she is a lucid dreamer.

 

Role card 2 — You are Yvonne. You almost dream every night. To Nancy’s surprise, you are often aware that you are dreaming. In that case, you are labeled a lucid dreamer by Nancy. Knowing Nancy is reading Sigmund Freud’s The Interpretation of Dream, you ask her to tell you what she knows about dreams.


IV. READING

PRE-READING ACTIVITY

A daydream is a visionaryfantasy experienced while awake, especially one of happy, pleasant thoughts,hopes or ambitions. Now, please think about the following questions before youread the text.

1. In your opinion, whydo people daydream?

2. Daydreaming was longheld in disrepute in society and was associated with laziness. Do you thinkdaydreaming is good or bad? Why?

3. It is said thatdaydreaming may also help us to sort out problems and achieve success. Can youthink of some other positive effects of daydreaming?

 

TEXT 

NOTES

13. the Holy Roman Empire — a traditional European institution datingfrom the 8th century until 1806. The Roman imperial title was conferred onCharlemagne (查理大帝), king of the Franks, an ancient Germanic people, in 800A.D. by Pope Leo III. The title was borne by successive dynasties of Germankings almost continuously from the mid-10th century until its abolition. In1806, Francis II of Austria was forced to lay down the imperial crown, and theHoly Roman Empire, having lasted for 1,000 years, ceased to exist.

Map of the Holy Roman Empire

Charlemagne

 

13. the Holy Roman Empire — a traditionalEuropean institution dating from the 8th century until 1806. The Roman imperialtitle was conferred on Charlemagne (查理大帝),king of the Franks, an ancient Germanic people, in 800 A.D. by Pope Leo III.The title was borne by successive dynasties of German kings almost continuouslyfrom the mid-10th century until its abolition. In 1806, Francis II of Austriawas forced to lay down the imperial crown, and the Holy Roman Empire, havinglasted for 1,000 years, ceased to exist.

14. Suddenly you are startled back to reality. — Unexpectedly you aresurprised and slightly shocked, which makes you realize that you are sitting inthe classroom, attending the history lecture.

15. the mood of the spring day set you off into daydreaming — the warmand balmy air of the spring day made you daydream

16. psychologist — someone who is trained in psychology, the study ofthe mind and how it influences people’s behaviour. The prefix “psycho-” relatesto the mind and mental process. One more example: psychoanalyst. Can youtell more words beginning with the same prefix?

17. wishful thinking — the false belief that something is true or willhappen simply because

one wishes it 痴心妄想;一厢情愿

18. cognitive and creative skills — 认识与创造技能

19. unique — being the only one of its type

20. be riddled with self-doubt — be full of self-doubt; be completelylacking in belief in oneself and in one’s abilities