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Book II

Unit 2


I. Description of LSP
LSP I
1. Identifying and asking somebody to identify something

2. Directingsomebody to do something

LSP II
Identifying the thing that somebody has (not) done

LSPIII

Identifyingthe person one wants to see

 

Preparatory Questions

Directions: Answer the following questions.

Identifying people

1) What do youcall a person who is in charge of or helps to run a library? (a librarian)

2) What do youcall a person who advises people about the law and represents them in

court? (alawyer)

3) What do youcall a person who plans new buildings and sees that they are built

properly? (anarchitect)

4) What do youcall a person who takes care of babies or children while their parents are

out? (a baby-sitter)

5) What do youcall a person who controls a business? (a manager / manageress)

6) What do youcall a person who is skilled at using a typewriter? (a typist)

7) What do youcall a person who directs the performance of a group of musicians? (aconductor)

Identifying things

1) What doyou call the thing that you hold to shelter yourself from rain? (an umbrella)

2) What doyou call the thing that is used with a saucer for tea? (a cup)

3) What doyou call the thing that is used to preserve food and to improve its taste? (salt)

4) What doyou call the thing which is used for opening a lock? (a key)

5) What doyou call the things which the Chinese and Japanese use to lift food to themouth?(chopsticks)

6) What doyou call the box which is used to keep food cold? (a refrigerator)

7) What doyou call the instrument which is used for measuring temperature? (athermometer)

 

LSP I

Cues:

New Words

Dictionary Definitions

cooker

an apparatus which is used for cooking food

peeler

a device which is used for peeling fruit and vegetables

microcalculator

a very, very small machine that can add, subtract, multiply and divide

switch

an apparatus that is used for turning electric currents on or off

A. Listening to the recording

Dialogue

A: Can youexplain the word “cooker” in English?

B: (I’mafraid I can’t.)

A: Then lookthe word up in the dictionary that gives definitions in English.

B: (It says “a cooker is anapparatus which is used for cooking food.”1

 

B. Substitution practice

C. Variations based on the given cues

Samples:

1. A: Haveyou got a dictionary that gives definitions in English?

B: Yes. Hereit is.

A: Will youlook up the word “switch” for me?

B: Certainly.It says “a switch is an apparatus that is used for turning electric currents on

or off.”

2. A: What ismeant by the word “switch”?

B: Mydictionary says “a switch is an apparatus that is used for turning electriccurrent on

or off.”

A: But Ican’t get the exact meaning in Chinese.

B: Then you’dbetter look it up in an English-Chinese dictionary/you’d better consult an

English-Chinesedictionary.

 

LSP II

Cues:

1. I’ve readall the books (that) I borrowed from you except the one (that) you said youdidn’t like.

2. I’ve seenall the films (that) he mentioned except the one (that) he saw last night.

3. I’vebought all the things (that) I wanted to buy except the book (that) he asked meto buy for him.

4. I’ve doneall the exercises (that) Mr. Zhang assigned us except the composition (that) wehave to hand in on Saturday.

III

A. Listening

A: Have youread all the books (that) you borrowed from me?

B: (No.There’s still one (that) I haven’t read.)

A: Which one?

B: (The one(that) you said you didn’t like.)

B. Substitution practice

C. Variations based on the given cues

Sample:

A:I’ve read nearly all the books I borrowed from you.

B:Good. Have you read the one I said I didn’t like?

A:No. That’s the only book I haven’t read yet.

B:Then don’t read it. It’s not worth reading.

 

PRACTICE III

Cues:

Foreign Guests atthe Pujiang Guest House

(young) lady

from

 

America

professor teaching at Pujiang University

(young) man

Australia

engineer visiting a research institute

(elderly) lady

Canada

doctor visiting the local hospitals

(elderly) gentleman

England

writer attending a conference

 

A. Listening to the recording

Dialogue

A: I’d liketo see the gentleman who came from Canada yesterday1.

B: (Youmean the Canadian engineer who’s visiting a research institute here?)

A: No. I’mlooking for the Canadian professor who’s teaching at Pujiang University.

B: (Oh,it’s Professor Paul Jones. He’s in Room 812.)

 

B. Language note

Supply namesand room numbers of your own for the last line of the dialogue.

 

C. Substitution practice

 

D. Variations based on the given cues

Sample:

A: Could youtell me if there’s a lady who came from England last Sunday?

B: Do youmean the young lady who is attending a conference here?

A: No. I meanan elderly lady who’s visiting the local hospitals.

B: Oh, I see. The one you’re looking for isDr. Catherine Barnes. She lives in Room 303.

II. DIALOGUE

Background Notes

Huangshan (the Yellow Mountains)

The Yellow Mountains is one of the mostfamous and beautiful mountains in China. It was enlisted as a World HeritageSite by UNESCO in 1990.

 

The Yellow Mountain area lies in AnhuiProvince, Eastern China, about 300 km (200 miles) west of Hangzhou and 500 km(300 miles) southwest of Shanghai. The scenic area is about 50 km (30 miles)north of Huangshan City. All of our Huangshan Tour Packages include a tour tothe Yellow Mountains.

The Yellow Mountains is called Huangshan(Huang means 'yellow' and shan means 'mountain(s)') by Chinese. Outstandingnatural beauty is Huangshan's number one feature. Yellow Mountain’s classic attractions could becounted as five natural wonders in the winter: the imaginatively named pines(奇松), oddly-shaped rocks(怪石), the sea of clouds(云海), hot springs(温泉) and winter snowscapes(冬雪).


Questions on the Dialogue

  1. Ask each other questions.
  2. Answer the following questions.

1). What’s the best time to go to Huangshan?

( The firstfew days of the summer break.)

2). Why do people visit Huangshan?

Because itis a popular resort for tourists.)

3). Why do some people go to Huangshan by plane while others choose totake the bus ?

(Because it saves some time travellingby air but it saves money when you travel by bus.)

4). What is Huangshan most famous for?

(Clouds, pinetrees and rocks.)

5). Did B tell A the details about how to get to Huangshan? Why not?

(No, because B hopes that A willcome and visit Huangshan for himself.)

 

III. Role-play

The Great Wall of China

Situation:

Shirley has read an article about the Great Wall of China in Beijing Review. She is now talking with

Stephen, her brother, about the Great Wall.

 

Roles:

Shirley — never been to the Great Wall, but quite well-informed about itsdetails

Stephen — been to theGreat Wall once, but poorly-informed about its details

 

Some sentences andsentence frames you might use:

Some Facts about theGreat Wall

1. Construction began in the 6th century B.C., ordered to be built by theheads of various ducal

states.

2. Purpose of construction: to protect the states from foreign invasion.

3. Qin Shihuang, first emperor of the Qin Dynasty, ordered to have thedisconnected walls joined

and built into one Great Wall.

4. The Great Wall — the greatest ancient Chinese fortification, 6,350kilometres long.

5. West end of the Great Wall — Jiayu Pass, Gansu Province.

East end of the Great Wall — Shanhai Pass, Hebei Province.

6. The Great Wall in its present state was rebuilt on the base of olderwalls and passes in the Ming

Dynasty (1368—1644).

7. Part of the Great Wall was built of stones and bricks. There were notools to help transport the

building materials to the wall site then.

8. The Great Wall averages 7.5 metres in height and is from 3.75 metres to7.5 metres wide at the

base, sloping to 3.5 metres at the top.

9. Guard stations andwatchtowers were placed at regular intervals.

 

Sample role cards:

Role card 1 — You are Shirley. You have recently come across an article on the Great Wall

of China in Beijing Review. Of course, you have heard about the Great Wall and you have

seen pictures of it, but you did not know any details about it until after you have read the

article. You are now talking with Stephen, your brother, about it. Make full use of the facts

1)     given in the table in the Student’s Book.

 

Role card 2 — You are Stephen. Shirley, your sister, is asking you some questions about the

Great Wall of China. Of course you know the Great Wall and you have even been there

once. So you think you can answer whatever questions Shirley asks you. But after a while,

you realize that you do not really know very much about the Great Wall. So you ask Shirley

many questions instead.

DEMO(点击DEMO显示参考对话,本部分请录音

Shirley: You’ve been to the Great Wall, Stephen. Can you tell mewhat it is like?

Stephen: Oh, yes. I can tell you plenty about it. A minibus tookus there from downtown Beijing

and we spent about two hours on theway. And what a steep climb I had when I got there! And ...

Shirley: Actually, I want to know some facts about the Great Wallitself. How much do you

know about it?

Stephen: Facts? What facts?

Shirley: For example, when was the Great Wall built?

Stephen: Well ... er ... mm ... A long time ago, of course.

Shirley: In which century?

Stephen: I’veno idea about it.

Shirley: It was first built inthe 6th century B.C for the sake of national defense against foreign invasion.Amazing. Isn’t it?

Stephen: Wow! I never thoughtthat it should have such a long history. So how did they manage to do it?

Shirley: I hear that part of the Great Wall wasbuilt of stones and bricks. There were no tools to help transport the buildingmaterials to the wall site then.

Stephen: But how did the Great Wall last so many centuries?

Shirley: The reason is easy. The part of the Great Wall that you went to wasprobably rebuilt much later--in the Ming Dynasty(1368—1644).

Stephen: Ah! No wonder itstill looks so solid now. You really should go there to take a look. It’s soimpressive.

Shirley: I’d be happy if Ihave a chance in the near future.

Stephen: My Chinese friendsays that you’re not a true man if you’ve never been to the Great Wall.

Shirley: None of my business.I just want to be a truer woman.


IV  Text Study

Dialogue

NOTES:

1. one ofthese days — in the nearfuture, before long

   2. It alldepends. — This is theelliptical form for “It all depends on how you go” in the context here, namely,“whether by air or by bus”. When no definite answer can be given to a question,one very often says, “It all depends”, meaning that the question can only beanswered on certain conditions.

   3.a trade-off — an exchange of one thing for another, especially to produce adesirable result

4. one-waybus ride — 单程车

5. a john— Americanslang for “toilet”. A British equivalent is “a loo”.

6. Incidentally— By the way.The word incidentally is used here toindicate a shift to another subject.

7. apackage tour — a completelyplanned tour or trip at a fixed price arranged by a travel agency, whichincludes travel, hotels, meals, etc.

 

B. Expressions in Focus  

1. “afford”—(usu. with can, could or be able to) have enough money, time,space, etc for a special purpose  e.g.

1) Nowadays, few peoplecan afford a house with a garden of its own.

2) I’d love to go onholiday but I can’t afford the time.

3) They spent moremoney than they could afford. That’s why they were soon broke.

2. “every (three hours / other day)” — “every”is used before an amount to indicate something happening at specifiedintervals   e.g.

1) The lectures onrhetoric will be given every other Wednesday.

2) We have Englishconversation classes every other day.

3) Be patient. The next bus will be here in afew minutes. There’s a bus arriving every ten minutes

3. “be famous for” — be known widely for       e.g.

1) Marie Curie isfamous for her contribution to science.

2) Tokyo is famous forits skyscrapers and dense population.

3) The city is famous for its perfect combination of ancient buildingsand modern structures.

 

C. Retell the conversation in your own words

 

Sample Outline for Retelling:

1.       Huangshan is a famous scenic spot.

2.       A asks B about his trip toHuangshan.

3.       B tells A when the best time to gothere is.

4.       B tells A the advantages /disadvantages of taking the plane / bus.

5.  Bwill not tell A how to get to Huangshan in details until A has decided to go.


Role-play

The Great Wall of China

Situation:

Shirley has read an article about the Great Wall of China in Beijing Review. She is now talking with

Stephen, her brother, about the Great Wall.

 

Roles:

Shirley — never been to the Great Wall, but quite well-informed about itsdetails

Stephen — been to theGreat Wall once, but poorly-informed about its details

 

Some sentences andsentence frames you might use:

Some Facts about theGreat Wall

1. Construction began in the 6th century B.C., ordered to be built by theheads of various ducal

states.

2. Purpose of construction: to protect the states from foreign invasion.

3. Qin Shihuang, first emperor of the Qin Dynasty, ordered to have thedisconnected walls joined

and built into one Great Wall.

4. The Great Wall — the greatest ancient Chinese fortification, 6,350kilometres long.

5. West end of the Great Wall — Jiayu Pass, Gansu Province.

East end of the Great Wall — Shanhai Pass, Hebei Province.

6. The Great Wall in its present state was rebuilt on the base of olderwalls and passes in the Ming

Dynasty (1368—1644).

7. Part of the Great Wall was built of stones and bricks. There were notools to help transport the

building materials to the wall site then.

8. The Great Wall averages 7.5 metres in height and is from 3.75 metres to7.5 metres wide at the

base, sloping to 3.5 metres at the top.

9. Guard stations andwatchtowers were placed at regular intervals.

 

Sample role cards:

Role card 1 — You are Shirley. You have recently come across an article on the Great Wall

of China in Beijing Review. Of course, you have heard about the Great Wall and you have

seen pictures of it, but you did not know any details about it until after you have read the

article. You are now talking with Stephen, your brother, about it. Make full use of the facts

1)      given in the table in the Student’s Book.

 

Role card 2 — You are Stephen. Shirley, your sister, is asking you some questions about the

Great Wall of China. Of course you know the Great Wall and you have even been there

once. So you think you can answer whatever questions Shirley asks you. But after a while,

you realize that you do not really know very much about the Great Wall. So you ask Shirley

many questions instead.

DEMO

Shirley: You’ve been to theGreat Wall, Stephen. Can you tell me what it is like?

Stephen: Oh, yes. I can tellyou plenty about it. A minibus took us there from downtown Beijing

and we spent about two hours on the way. And whata steep climb I had when I got there! And ...

Shirley: Actually, I want to know some facts about the Great Wall itself. How muchdo you

know about it?

Stephen: Facts? What facts?

Shirley: For example, whenwas the Great Wall built?

Stephen: Well ... er ... mm... A long time ago, of course.

Shirley: In which century?

Stephen: I’ve no idea aboutit.

Shirley: It was first built inthe 6th century B.C for the sake of national defense against foreign invasion.Amazing. Isn’t it?

Stephen: Wow! I never thoughtthat it should have such a long history. So how did they manage to do it?

Shirley: I hear that part of the Great Wall wasbuilt of stones and bricks. There were no tools to help transport the buildingmaterials to the wall site then.

Stephen: But how did the Great Wall last so many centuries?

Shirley: The reason is easy. The part of the Great Wall that you went to wasprobably rebuilt much later--in the Ming Dynasty(1368—1644).

Stephen: Ah! No wonder itstill looks so solid now. You really should go there to take a look. It’s soimpressive.

Shirley: I’d be happy if Ihave a chance in the near future.

Stephen: My Chinese friendsays that you’re not a true man if you’ve never been to the Great Wall.

Shirley: None of my business.I just want to be a truer woman.


IV.Reading

READING 

PRE-READING ACTIVITY

With the development of economy, the use of insecticidesand serious environmental problems, the living condition for wild plants andanimals is becoming worse and worse. Nature conservation has become a hot topicnowadays. Now, please think about the following questions before youread the text.

1.      What do you know about American National Parks, Yellowstone in particular?

Sample: Yellow stone is the first national park in the history of the US. It’s especially noted forthe geyser.

2.      What should we do to keepnational parks as “natural” as possible?

Sample: We should not leave garbage in the national parks such as plasticbags and bottles. We should not pollute the air and the water there with thedevelopment of industry.

3.      Is there any possibility ofachieving a balance between business interests and the preservation of naturalresources?

Sample: When natural resources are well protected, they will be moreattractive to tourists and thus boost the business interests of the governmentand the local citizens alike.

 

Background

National park

A national park is a park, in use forconservation purposes. Often it is a reserve of natural, semi-natural, ordeveloped land that a sovereign state declares or owns. Although individualnations designate their own national parks differently, there is a common idea:the conservation of wild nature for posterity and as a symbol of national pride.